Hawk’s Eye Crystals: Meaning, Healing Properties, Uses, and Care


Hawk’s Eye holds a special place in the world of gemstones, captivating hearts with its silky, lustrous appearance and mesmerizing blue and gray hues. Crafted into jewelry and treasured as a protective talisman, its allure goes beyond beauty, attracting those seeking deeper insight and intuition. So, if you want to learn why this crystal has captivated the hearts of many (including mine), keep reading!

What is Hawk’s Eye?

This crystal, with its striking blend of blue and gray shades, is more than just a gemstone. It’s a conversation starter and a collector’s dream. Forming from silicified crocidolite, its fibrous and iridescent quality sets it apart. This makes each piece a unique work of art. 

Hawk's eye - tumble polished stone
Ra’ikeCC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Beyond its aesthetic appeal, it carries a sense of resilience and strength. It wards off negativity and offers support during challenging times. In other words, it’s like having a steadfast companion by your side. So, whether you wear it as a piece of jewelry or keep it close for its protective qualities, this stone will add a touch of enchantment to your life.

The Mysterious and Intuitive Gemstone

Hawk’s Eye is like a wise old friend, with its mystical ability to enhance intuition and provide profound insights. It has a special connection with the Third Eye Chakra, clearing the mind and opening it to new perspectives. It’s also a powerful protector, shielding you from negative energies and offering a comforting sense of security. 

As you hold it in your hand or wear it close to your body, you may feel a subtle shift in your awareness. Many believe that this stone has a unique energy that helps them see beyond the surface. As a result, it helps you gain deeper insights into your lives and surroundings. Whether you’re meditating with it or simply carrying it with you throughout the day, this crystal is there to support you on your quest for clarity and spiritual growth.

Hawk’s Eye Meaning and Properties

This special crystal symbolizes mental clarity, focus, and protection. As such, it offers emotional balance and stress relief to those who draw upon its energy. It attracts good luck and provides a shield against the evil eye. This makes it a potent symbol of safeguarding and wellbeing.

Hawk’s Eye Meaning

This crystal is a powerhouse of meaning and energy. Its essence embodies qualities like focus, mental clarity, and protection. When you hold it, you’re not just holding a gemstone; you’re holding a symbol of clarity and focus. It helps you cut through the noise and find your way with precision. 

But its magic doesn’t stop there. It is also famous for its ability to soothe the emotional waters, bringing balance and relief from the stresses of daily life. It’s like a calming presence, inviting you to step into a space of serenity and balance. And let’s not forget its reputation for attracting good luck and warding off negative energies. With it by your side, you can feel protected and supported as you navigate life’s twists and turns.

Hawk’s Eye Energy Color

The colors in this stone are not merely aesthetically pleasing. They hold deep symbolic significance and contribute to the stone’s mystical allure. The dominant shades of blue, gray, and occasional green are not accidental. They are reminiscent of the keen gaze of a hawk, which is where the stone gets its name. 

This connection to the bird of prey imbues this stone with qualities of focus, clarity, and protection. Consequently, this is a sought-after stone for those seeking these attributes in their lives. The variation in color and the way this crystal shifts in different lighting conditions add to its allure and perceived potency. This chatoyant effect, the “eye,” or “cat’s eye” effect, happens due to the fibrous nature of the stone’s composition. 

When light hits Hawk’s Eye at certain angles, it creates a shimmering effect that mimics the reflective quality of the eye of a hawk. It further enhances the stone’s mystical and captivating appeal. Whether used in jewelry or as a talisman, this stone’s unique colors and chatoyancy make it a standout gemstone with a deep connection to nature’s beauty and symbolism.

In addition to their visual allure, these colors carry energetic properties that can affect the wearer or user. Blue brings calmness and communication, while gray is a stabilizing and grounding color. Green, on the other hand, promotes growth, balance, and renewal. Together, these colors create a harmonious blend that offers not just aesthetic pleasure but also a sense of balance, protection, and growth to those who connect with this crystal.

Hawk’s Eye Healing Properties and Benefits

Hawk’s Eye is famous for its transformative qualities, particularly in promoting clear thinking and insightful perspectives. This gemstone is a beacon of strength, aiding individuals in overcoming fears and gaining valuable insights into their lives. By supporting the throat and third eye chakras, this stone enhances communication and intuition, allowing for a deeper understanding of oneself and the world around them.

The energetic properties of this crystal offer more than just mental clarity. They provide a profound spiritual and emotional uplift to those who connect with its energy. By aligning the throat chakra, this stone encourages honest and effective communication, helping individuals express their thoughts and feelings with clarity and confidence. 

Additionally, by stimulating the third eye chakra, this stone enhances intuition, allowing for a deeper connection to one’s inner wisdom and spiritual guidance. In essence, this crystal is a powerful tool for personal growth and transformation. 

Hawk’s Eye Uses & Metaphysical Properties

When you use it in meditation, this stone becomes a conduit for heightened psychic abilities. It offers a deeper connection to the spiritual realm. Its presence serves as a protective shield, providing a sense of security and grounding during meditation practices and daily life. 

This gemstone’s ability to enhance intuition and psychic awareness makes it a valuable tool for those seeking to expand their spiritual horizons and delve into the depths of their subconscious mind. Beyond its spiritual properties, this crystal is also a practical companion, empowering decision-making and sharpening focus. Whether you use it in meditation or carry it as a talisman, its energy can help individuals make clearer, more confident choices in various aspects of life. 

Geological Properties

Hawk’s Eye’s formation is a fascinating process involving the silicification of blue asbestos fibers, resulting in its unique appearance and properties. It shares a transformational relationship with Tiger’s Eye, illustrating the dynamic and interconnected nature of the mineral world. People source this gemstone from various locations worldwide, including South Africa, India, and Brazil, adding to its global appeal and mystique.

Hawk’s Eye in History and Culture

Minerals, rocks, gems in Hungarian Natural History Museum (HNHM)
Globetrotter19, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Throughout history, this crystal has been extremely valuable because of its protective and insight-enhancing properties. Shamans and warriors alike used it. It is a stone of vision and prophecy, necessary for various cultural traditions, all because of its spiritual significance and power.

Historical Significance

In ancient cultures, this crystal held a revered status for its dual ability to provide protection and enhance insight. People valued this stone for its ability to ward off negative energies and offer guidance in times of need. Its presence was crucial in rituals and ceremonies for harnessing spiritual power and foresight. It symbolized a connection to higher realms and spiritual truths.

Full of mystique, it was more than just a stone; it was a conduit for spiritual energy and wisdom. Those who ventured into the unknown sought its protective qualities. Its ability to enhance insight made it a valuable tool for those seeking deeper understanding and clarity. Today, this gemstone continues to be a symbol of strength and wisdom, offering a glimpse into ancient traditions and the enduring power of belief in the unseen.

Deities Associated with Hawk’s Eye

Hawk’s Eye may not have direct associations with specific deities, but its significance in cultures valuing psychic vision and protection is undeniable. People associate it with the element of wind, embodying the idea of perceiving hidden truths and foreseeing potential outcomes. This connection to the element of wind highlights the stone’s symbolic representation of keen perception and foresight, qualities highly esteemed in spiritual contexts.

In various spiritual practices, this stone plays a pivotal role in fostering communication with the divine and enhancing spiritual awareness. Its association with the element of wind suggests a connection to the ethereal realm. The unseen becomes visible, and the unknown is revealed. As a result, this gemstone is often used as a tool for those seeking to deepen their spiritual practice or connect more profoundly with the spiritual realm.

The use of this crystal in spiritual practices extends beyond its physical properties; it represents a bridge between the physical and spiritual worlds. This gemstone’s ability to enhance spiritual awareness and perception underscores its importance as a conduit for spiritual growth and enlightenment. Whether used in meditation, rituals, or ceremonies, this gemstone serves as a reminder of the unseen forces that guide and protect us on our spiritual journey.

Hawk’s Eye Shapes and Forms

Hawk’s Eye is versatile in its applications, available in various shapes and forms to suit different purposes and preferences. From cabochons and beads to raw stones and artistic carvings, each of its forms offers unique benefits and aesthetic appeal, making it a sought-after gemstone in both decorative and metaphysical contexts.

Hawk's eye different shapes
Photo Credit: shinelikevvennela


Cabochons are a popular shape for Hawk’s Eye, highlighting its chatoyancy and depth of color. These polished, dome-shaped stones are commonly set in pendants, rings, and bracelets, offering both beauty and energetic benefits to the wearer.

Raw Stones

Raw Hawk’s Eye retains its natural texture and appearance, preferred by some for its grounding and protective energy. These unpolished stones are ideal for personal spaces or as talismans, embodying the raw power and beauty of the Earth.


Polished and drilled Hawk’s Eye beads are used in jewelry and prayer beads, allowing for continuous energy influence. These beads are incorporated into necklaces, bracelets, and anklets, serving both decorative and protective purposes.


Artistically carved Hawk’s Eye pieces, ranging from animals to geometric shapes, serve as decorative items with added metaphysical benefits. These carvings are not only visually appealing but also carry the energetic properties of the stone, making them meaningful additions to any collection.


Smooth, rounded Hawk’s Eye spheres are ideal for meditation and energy healing, distributing the stone’s energy evenly. These spheres are used to balance the body’s energy fields and enhance psychic abilities, making them valuable tools in spiritual practices.

Tumbled Stones

Tumbled stones, with their polished finish, are versatile in use, from personal wear to placement in various settings. They support clarity of intention and provide protection against negative energies, making them a popular choice for those seeking the benefits of Hawk’s Eye in a convenient form.

Hawk’s Eye Varieties and Quality

This crystal comes in different varieties, each with its unique color and characteristics. The quality of this stone is determined by factors such as chatoyancy, clarity, and overall appearance, guiding enthusiasts in selecting the best stones for their needs.

Different Types of Hawk’s Eye

Blue Hawk’s Eye is the classic variety, renowned for its deep blue and gray bands that create a mesmerizing play of colors. This variation is highly sought after for its soothing and calming energy, making it a popular choice for those seeking emotional balance and clarity. Its deep blue hues are often associated with the throat chakra, enhancing communication and self-expression.

On the other hand, Red Hawk’s Eye offers a unique twist with its reddish hue, which is achieved through either heat treatment or natural oxidation. This variety is prized for its vibrant color and is believed to have energizing properties, stimulating passion and vitality. The red variety is often associated with the root chakra, grounding and stabilizing one’s energy.

Golden Hawk’s Eye occupies a transitional phase between Blue Hawk’s Eye and Tiger’s Eye, displaying warm golden brown colors. This variety is revered for its balancing qualities, harmonizing the energies of the mind and body. This variety is often associated with the solar plexus chakra, promoting confidence, courage, and personal power. Its golden hues are reminiscent of the sun, symbolizing warmth, vitality, and growth.

Factors Affecting Quality

The quality of Hawk’s Eye is determined by several key factors that influence its overall appearance and appeal. One of the most important aspects is the intensity and uniformity of its chatoyancy, also known as the “cat’s eye” effect. This optical phenomenon gives the stone a unique shimmering quality, resembling the eye of a cat. The more pronounced and consistent this effect is, the higher the quality of this crystal is considered to be. 

Additionally, the clarity and finish of the stone play a significant role in its quality. A high-quality Hawk’s Eye will have a clear and smooth surface, free from any visible imperfections or blemishes. The overall aesthetic appeal of the stone, including its color and pattern, also contributes to its value and desirability. A well-cut and polished crystal with a vibrant color and attractive pattern will be highly sought after by collectors and enthusiasts alike.

How to Choose High-Quality Hawk’s Eye

When choosing Hawk’s Eye, focus on stones that exhibit a pronounced and well-defined chatoyancy, commonly known as the “cat’s eye” effect. This optical phenomenon, created by light reflecting off parallel fibrous inclusions within the stone, adds a captivating dimension to its appearance. Additionally, consider the smoothness of the polish and the precision of the cut. Selecting a crystal with a smooth, mirror-like polish and expertly cut proportions ensures not only its visual beauty but also its longevity.

Keep in mind that personal preferences regarding size and color play a crucial role in choosing the perfect Hawk’s Eye. Whether you’re drawn to larger, statement pieces or prefer smaller, more subtle stones, prioritize those that resonate with your energy and aesthetic tastes. With its unique chatoyancy and varied colorations, this crystal offers a versatile range of options to suit individual preferences and intentions.

Hawk’s Eye Birthstone, Zodiac Sign, and Chakras

While not traditionally considered a birthstone, Hawk’s Eye is often associated with Gemini and other air signs. It is primarily linked to the Third Eye Chakra, enhancing intuition, insight, and spiritual growth.

Hawk’s Eye Birthstone

This association comes from the stone’s supportive qualities, which align well with Gemini’s characteristics. For example, this crystal supports adaptability, communication, and a sense of adventure. These are all traits that resonate with the natural curiosity and versatility of Geminis.

For Geminis, Hawk’s Eye can serve as a valuable ally, helping them stay adaptable and open-minded in the face of change. Its supportive energy can also aid in clear and effective communication, both in personal relationships and professional endeavors. Additionally, the stone’s association with a sense of adventure can inspire Geminis to embrace new challenges and opportunities, encouraging them to explore life’s possibilities with enthusiasm and curiosity.

Hawk’s Eye Zodiac Sign

In astrology, this crystal is closely related to air signs, especially Aquarius and Gemini. This connection is due to the stone’s ability to enhance mental clarity and communication, qualities that are highly valued by these signs. For Aquarians, this crystal supports their visionary nature, helping them to see the bigger picture and innovate with clarity. For Geminis, the stone enhances their adaptability and communication skills, allowing them to express themselves clearly and navigate social situations with ease.

Aquarians, known for their progressive and forward-thinking approach, can benefit from the clarity and insight that this crystal provides. This stone can help Aquarians tap into their intuition and align with their higher purpose. As such, it is a valuable tool for personal growth and spiritual development. Similarly, Geminis, with their versatile and adaptable nature, can use this stone to enhance their communication skills and adaptability. 

What Chakra does Hawk’s Eye help?

Hawk’s Eye has a strong link to the Third Eye Chakra, making it a powerful tool for enhancing intuition, insight, and mental clarity. By stimulating the Third Eye chakra, this crystal opens the door to heightened spiritual awareness and psychic abilities. Its energy supports spiritual growth, helping individuals connect more deeply with their inner selves and the spiritual realm.

For those on a spiritual path, this stone can be a valuable ally, aiding in the development of psychic awareness and intuitive abilities. Its connection to the Third Eye Chakra encourages clarity of thought and vision. This allows individuals to see beyond the physical realm and into the spiritual dimensions. 

How to Use Hawk’s Eye

You can use Hawk’s Eye in various ways to support emotional healing, mental clarity, physical health, and spiritual growth. Whether you wear it as jewelry, place it in personal spaces, or use it in meditation, this gemstone offers a range of benefits to enhance your life and well-being.

Feelings and Emotional Healing

Hawk’s Eye serves as a comforting companion in times of stress and anxiety, offering its calming energy to promote emotional balance and inner peace. Its soothing vibrations gently ease the mind and spirit, helping individuals find solace amidst life’s challenges. By alleviating stress and anxiety, Hawk’s Eye creates space for emotional healing and restoration, allowing individuals to navigate their emotions with greater ease and clarity.

Moreover, it is a supportive ally in the journey towards overcoming fears and phobias. Its gentle yet powerful energy encourages individuals to confront and understand the root causes of their fears. In other words, it facilitates a process of release and transformation. Through this process, it fosters a sense of inner tranquility and resilience, empowering individuals to move forward with courage and confidence on their path to emotional well-being.


Hawk’s Eye is a remarkable stone that sharpens focus and clears confusion. This makes it a valuable aid in decision-making and problem-solving. Its energy works to enhance mental clarity, allowing individuals to see situations more clearly and make informed choices. By sharpening focus, Hawk’s Eye helps to eliminate distractions and encourages a more efficient thought process. As a result, it is easier to tackle tasks and challenges with precision.

Additionally, Hawk’s Eye enhances perception and understanding, making it easier to navigate complex situations with clarity and insight. Its energy promotes a deeper understanding of the underlying dynamics at play. It helps individuals to see beyond the surface and uncover hidden truths. Finally, this better perception allows for more effective communication and decision-making. 


Hawk’s Eye offers a range of physical health benefits, including improving vision and aiding in the healing of throat-related issues. Its energy enhances clarity of sight, assisting in both literal vision improvement and the perception of deeper truths. Additionally, Hawk’s Eye supports hormonal balance and facilitates detoxification processes in the body. By promoting these aspects of physical health, it is a valuable ally for those seeking to enhance their overall vitality and wellness.


Hawk’s Eye has the ability to open and align the Third Eye Chakra, a key center for intuition and spiritual insight. This alignment grants individuals access to their inner wisdom and higher consciousness. Additionally, it fosters spiritual awakening and psychic development. By enhancing one’s connection to the spiritual realm, Hawk’s Eye offers a pathway to deeper understanding and connection with the universe.

Wearing Hawk’s Eye

Hawk's eye jewelry
Photo Credit: madeinearthofficial

Wearing Hawk’s Eye as jewelry allows individuals to carry its protective and clarifying energy with them throughout the day. This can be particularly beneficial when worn as necklaces or bracelets. These pieces are in close proximity to the throat and third-eye chakras. By aligning with these energy centers, Hawk’s Eye jewelry helps to attract positive energy and repel negativity, creating a sense of balance and protection.

Necklaces and bracelets made from it can serve as potent talismans. They can offer a constant source of support and shielding against negative influences. The stone’s energy can help to clear the mind and promote mental clarity. This makes it easier to navigate life’s challenges with a sense of calm and focus. Additionally, wearing Hawk’s Eye jewelry can serve as a reminder to stay grounded and centered.

At Home

Placing Hawk’s Eye in living areas or study spaces enhances harmony and focus. When you use it in meditation corners, it deepens spiritual practice. Additionally, it acts as a protective amulet against negative energies within the home.

Hawk’s Eye At Work

Keeping Hawk’s Eye on the desk or workspace fosters clear thinking and productivity. Additionally, it helps in communication. This makes it ideal for meetings and negotiations, especially since it encourages creativity and innovative problem-solving.


Holding or placing Hawk’s Eye nearby during meditation enhances psychic abilities and supports the journey into the inner self and the exploration of intuitive insights. You can use it to visualize your goals and future paths with clarity.

People and Relationships

Hawk’s Eye promotes understanding and clear communication in relationships. It helps us to see situations from a higher perspective. This helps in conflict resolution, encourages empathy, and deepens connections with others.

Hawk’s Eye Crystal Therapies

Use this crystal in energy healing sessions to balance the third eye and throat chakras. Place it on your body to align energy centers and enhance spiritual communication. Moreover, this will support detoxification and healing on a metaphysical level.

Stay Focused with Hawk’s Eye

If you want to fully embrace the magical and mysterious nature of Hawk’s Eye, watch this video. You will experience this crystal in a deeper and more spiritual way:

Hawk’s Eye Crystal Combinations

Paired with Other Crystals

Hawk's eye and Tiger's eye
Arenamontanus, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

You can use Hawk’s Eye with grounding stones like Black Tourmaline for better protection, with Amethyst to deepen intuition and spiritual awareness, and with Clear Quartz to amplify its psychic and protective properties.

Combined with Black Tourmaline

Combining Hawk’s Eye with Black Tourmaline creates a powerful shield against negative energies and psychic attacks. Black Tourmaline absorbs and repels negative energies. At the same time, Hawk’s Eye enhances this protection by providing clarity and insight. Together, they form a potent defense that not only protects against external influences but also helps maintain a strong energy field.

Additionally, this combination enhances grounding, which is crucial for stability in both the physical and spiritual realms. Black Tourmaline anchors individuals to the earth, while Hawk’s Eye provides clarity and focus. This grounding effect alleviates anxiety and stress, strengthening personal boundaries. 

Combined with Citrine

Combining Hawk’s Eye with Citrine creates a dynamic duo that enhances mental clarity, focus, and manifestation abilities. Citrine is known for its ability to stimulate the brain, increasing focus and clarity of thought, while Hawk’s Eye provides insight and direction, making it easier to manifest goals. Together, they create a synergistic effect that supports clear thinking and effective decision-making.

Furthermore, this combination promotes a positive outlook and boosts creativity and joy. Citrine’s uplifting energy encourages optimism and enhances feelings of happiness and well-being. On the other side, Hawk’s Eye helps to dispel fear and self-doubt, empowering individuals to embrace their personal power.

Combined with Clear Quartz

Pairing it with Clear Quartz amplifies the qualities of both stones, creating a synergistic blend that enhances clarity of thought and purpose. Clear Quartz is known as the “master healer.” It amplifies the energy of other stones, making it an ideal companion for Hawk’s Eye. Together, they promote mental clarity and focus, helping individuals to see situations more clearly and make decisions with greater confidence.

Moreover, this combination enhances psychic abilities and fosters spiritual growth. Clear Quartz is famous for enhancing psychic abilities, while Hawk’s Eye is famous for its ability to open and align the Third Eye Chakra. By combining these stones, individuals can deepen their spiritual practice and enhance their psychic awareness, making it easier to connect with their intuition and higher wisdom. 

Combined with Green Aventurine

Combining Hawk’s Eye with Green Aventurine creates a harmonious blend that supports heart chakra healing and emotional balance. Green Aventurine is known as the stone of opportunity. It attracts luck, abundance, and growth. Together with Hawk’s Eye, which enhances clarity and insight, this combination creates a supportive energy that encourages individuals to open their hearts and embrace emotional healing.

Moreover, this combination encourages adaptability and resilience in challenging situations. Green Aventurine’s soothing energy helps to calm emotions and reduce stress, while Hawk’s Eye provides clarity and focus, making it easier to navigate difficult circumstances. Overall, the combination of Hawk’s Eye and Green Aventurine creates a powerful synergy that supports emotional healing, attracts abundance and fosters adaptability and resilience.

Hawk’s Eye Care and Maintenance

How to Care for Hawk’s Eye

To care for Hawk’s Eye, store it separately to prevent scratches from harder stones. Clean it with a soft cloth using mild soap and water if necessary. Handle it with care to maintain its polished surface and chatoyancy.

How to Cleanse Hawk’s Eye

To cleanse Hawk’s Eye, smudge it with sage, palo santo, or incense to clear accumulated energies. Place it on a selenite charging plate or beside a clear quartz cluster to recharge. Additionally, you can cleanse it under running water with caution to avoid damage.

How to Program Hawk’s Eye

To program Hawk’s Eye, hold the stone while focusing on your intention or desired outcome. Furthermore, visualize the energy of your intention infusing the stone. Finally, set an affirmation or prayer to seal the intention with the stone’s energy.

Can Hawk’s Eye Go in Water?

Hawk’s Eye is generally safe for brief exposure to water, but avoid soaking it for too long. This crystal is sensitive to harsh chemicals and extreme temperatures. When in doubt, use alternative cleansing methods.

Can Hawk’s Eye be in the Sun?

Direct sunlight may fade Hawk’s Eye’s color over time, so it is preferable to use indirect light for charging or brief sun exposure. Store Hawk’s Eye away from prolonged direct sunlight to preserve its vibrant hues.

How to Polish Hawk’s Eye?

To polish Hawk’s Eye, use a soft, dry cloth to maintain its luster. Avoid abrasive materials that can scratch the surface. Try professional polishing for deep scratches or restoration.


Can Hawk’s Eye help with decision-making and clarity?

Yes, Hawk’s Eye enhances mental clarity and supports clear thinking. This makes it a valuable tool for decision-making and problem-solving.

Is Hawk’s Eye suitable for meditation practices?

Absolutely, many use Hawk’s Eye in meditation to enhance psychic abilities, deepen spiritual practice, and visualize goals with clarity.

How can Hawk’s Eye benefit relationships?

Hawk’s Eye promotes understanding and clear communication in relationships. It helps to resolve conflicts and deepen connections with others.

Does Hawk’s Eye have any physical healing properties?

Some believe that Hawk’s Eye can improve vision, heal throat-related issues, and support hormonal balance and detoxification processes in the body.

How should I care for my Hawk’s Eye jewelry?

To care for Hawk’s Eye jewelry, store it separately to prevent scratching. Clean it with a soft cloth and mild soap and water. Handle it with care to maintain its polished surface and chatoyancy.

Featured Image Credit: rebelsandoutlaws on Instagram

Photo of author


Growing up, Željka was quite tomboyish and not really in touch with her feminine side. However, in her 20s, Željka not only became more feminine, but she also discovered the power of femininity that's often overlooked in the patriarchal society. Fast forward a few years, and Željka continues exploring divine feminine energy. By paying tributes to various goddesses through her writing, she tries to honor the natural forces responsible for the creation and nurturing of life. Apart from trying to awaken her Divine Feminine, Željka is also interested in astrology and tarot, using them to learn more about herself and the world around her.